Other Research:

Alison, L.; Santtila, P.; Sandnabba, N. K.; Nordling, N. (2001) Sadomasochistically oriented behavior: diversity in practice and meaning. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 30 (1), 1-13.

Baumeister, R.F. (1995). An inside look at SM. Psychology Today, Vol.28 (Nov./Dec.), 47.

Celenza, A. (2000). Sadomasochistic relating: What’s sex got to do with it? Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 69, 3, 527-543.

Cross, P. (1998). Understanding sadomasochism: An examination of current perspectives. (Doctoral dissertation, Carleton University, 1998). Dissertation Abstracts International, Oct.1998.

Donnelly, D.; Fraser, J. (1998) Gender differences in sado-masochistic arousal among college students. Sex Roles, 39, 391-407.

Ernulf, K.E.; Innala, S. (1995). Sexual bondage: a review and unobtrusive investigation. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 24, 631-54.

Frazier, M.; Haberman, H. (2001). Out of the Darkness: The Reality of SM [Educational Video]. State: Broadcast Company.

Kleinplatz, P.J. & Moser, C. (Eds.). (2006). Sadomasochism: Powerful pleasures. Binghamton, NY: Harrington Park Press, Inc

Kolmes, K, Stock, W. & Moser, C. (2006). Investigating bias in psychotherapy with BDSM clients.  In Kleinplatz & Moser (Eds.) Sadomasochism: Powerful pleasures. Binghamton, NY: Harrington Park Press, Inc.

Levitt, E.; Moser, C.; Jamison, K. (1994). The prevalence and some attributes of females in the sadomasochistic subculture: a second report. Archives of Sexual Behavior, Aug., Vol.23, 465-73.

Moser, C.; Levitt, E.E. (1987). An exploratory-descriptive study of a sadomasochistically-oriented sample. Journal of Sex Research, 23 (3), 322-337.

Moser, C. (2001). Paraphilia: A critique of a confused concept. In: New Directions in Sex Therapy, Chapter Five. Philadelphia: Brunner-Routledge.

National Coalition for Sexual Freedom (NCSF).  (1998).  SM vs. Abuse. [online]. Available: http://www.ncsfreedom.org/library/smvsabuse.htm

Panter, A. (1999). An exploratory study of female sadomasochists’ sexuality: Behavior, fantasy, and meaning. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences & Engineering, 60, Oct (4-B), 1867.

Queen, C. (1996). Women, sadomasochism and therapy. Women and Therapy, 19 (4), 65-73.

Sandnabba, N.K.; Santtila, P.; Alison, L.; Nordling, N. (2002). Demographics, sexual behaviour, family background and abuse experiences of practitioners of sadomasochistic sex: a review of recent research. Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 17, 1, 39-55.

Santtila, P.; Sandnabba, N.K.; Nordling, N. (1999). Sexual behavior and social adaptation among sadomasochistically-oriented males. The Journal of Sex Research, 36, 3. 273-82.

Santtila, P.; Sandnabba, N.K.; Nordling, N. (2000). The prevalence and effects of self-reported childhood sexual abuse among sadomasochistically oriented males and females. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse: 9 (1), 2000, 53-63.

Santtila, P.; Sandnabba, N. K.; Nordling, N. (2000). Retrospective perspectives of family interactions in childhood as correlates of current sexual adaptation among sadomasochistic males. Journal of Psychology & Human Sexuality, Special Issue: 12, 4, 69-87.

Weinberg, T.S. (1987). Sadomasochism in the United States: A review of recent sociological literature. Journal of Sex Research, 23, 50-69.

Weinberg, T.S.; Williams, C.J.; Moser, C. (1984). The social; constituents of sadomasochism. Social Problems, 31, 379-389.

Weinberg, T. S. (1994) Research in sadomasochism: A review of sociological and social psychological literature. Annual Review of Sex Research, 5, 257-277.